Sovereign Amonsoquath Band of Cherokee


dispersed they are no longer a nation." The terms of Governor Berkeley's peace treaty of 1646 gave all of the original tribal lands in the valleys of the James and the York, south of the fall-line, to the English, thus establishing a pattern of removal and relocation which remained constant throughout most of the nineteenth century.

The Amonsoquath Tribe

In 1646, the Amonsoquath moved from the village of Amonute on Bear Creek, west of the Blue Ridge and Buffalo Ridge with the other eastern Cherokee of the Appomattox and continued to resist alien ways, and they made no concessions in adjusting to the alien culture.

Both Robert Beverley and Colonel William Byrd, II wrote that from the date of 1622 the colonists had sought only to exterminate the Indians. "The Indians of Virginia were almost wasted" (Smith, 1705). Thomas Jefferson, in his Notes on the State of Virginia, 1781, wrote that only a handful of so called Powhatans are to be found in the State of Virginia.

Several non-reservation groups, including Chickahominy, Rappahannocks, and Nansemonds, have adjusted to life in various rural communities without losing awareness of their heritage and ethnic identity. The Indian identity, which is so precious in a land where racial prejudice against dark-skinned minorities is rampant, is especially precious in Virginia, whose first families proudly trace their blood line back to the Powhatan.

Lieutenant Thomas Rolfe married Jane Poythress, the daughter of Francis Poythress (member of the House of Burgesses in 1644 as a representative of Charles City). They had one daughter, Jane. Her date of birth is unknown (birth listed as "issue"). She married Colonel Robert Bolling in 1675 at the age of twenty-nine. They lived at Kippax, below Petersburg.

In 1676, Jane Rolfe Bolling gave birth to a son, John (listed as "issue"). Jane died.shortly after giving birth. Colonel Robert Bolling remarried his second wife, Anne Stith (aunt of historian, William Stith). Their descendants are known to this day as the "White Bollings" and to this day the descendants of John Bolling are known as the "Red Bollings, " in token of the royal red blood bequeathed to them by their heritage.

John Bolling was the sole heir to the large properties his mother had inherited from her father, Thomas Rolfe. Colonel John Bolling "settled, lived, and died at 'Cobbs'" on the Appomattox, below Petersburg. Colonel William Byrd, II, who was a frequent visitor at Cobbs confirms the fact that the Bollings sociably engaged in commerce and trade with the Indians, his countrymen. John Bolling married first Elizabeth Lewis, daughter of Colonel John Lewis.

They did not have any children. He married the second time to Elizabeth Blair on August 1, 1728, at Cobbs. They had twenty-one children. They had 5, 000 acres of land in Henrico County. Elizabeth Blair was the daughter of Dr. Archibald Blair and Sarah Archer Fowler. Dr. Blair's home, in Williamsburg, was still standing in 1985. All of their children were listed as issue by Virginia records (Henrico County, Virginia was later to become Goochland and Chesterfield counties).

     1. Metoaka (Meta), b. July 3, 1729; married James Sullivan, Sr.

     2. Archibald Bolling, b. 1730, in 1743 his father took Out 600 acres of land for him on Opossum Creek in Henrico County. He died young.


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