Sovereign Amonsoquath Band of Cherokee


brought instant retaliation by the Paspahegh. Again the English pushed up to the falls of the James. On May 12, 1611, Sir thomas Dale arrived with three hundred new colonists and found the same old story of idleness and irresponsibility that had plagued the colony from the beginning. Dale imposed martial law on the colony and began raiding the Indian villages all the way up the James to the fall-line. In the meantime, Pocahontas had married a sub-chief named Kocoum, who was a war chief of the Patawomeke. It was in the Patawomeke area that Captain Argall, in the winter of 1610-11, found Pocahontas while trading with the Patawomeke.

Upon returning to Pastancie at the mouth of Potomac Creek in December, 1612, hostages were exchanged and the ship loaded with eleven hundred bushels of corn. By March, 1613, the granaries of Jamestown and Henrico were empty.Captain Argall again went up the Potomac and as he returned downriver he noticed a herd of buffalo (Argall's Notes).Stopping at Pastancie on his return, he received word that Pocahontas was in the region (recorded by Captain Ralph Hamor) and at that point plotted to kidnap her for ransom. He carried out the abduction, drew up the ransom note, and sent it to Powhatan.

 In Argall's letter to london, he wrote, "1 was told by certain Indians, my friends, that the great Powhatan's daughter,Pokahuntis was with the great king, Patowomeck. Whether I presently repaired, resolving to possesse my selfe of her by any strategem that I could use, for the ransoming of so many Englishmen as were prisoners with Powhatan; as also to get such armes and tooles, as hee and other Indians had got by murder and stealing from others of our Nation, with some quantitie of corn for the Colonies reliefe."

The message from Powhatan was, "That he desired me to use his daughter well and bring my ship into his river, and there he would give mee my demand which being performed, I should deliver him his daughter, and we should be friends~"

Pocahontas was transferred from Jamestown to the new community of Hen rico and placed under the care of Reverend Whitaker and Marshall Dale, never to see her husband again. Instead she was forced to learn the ways of the English religion. She was subjected to it day and night. "How careful they were to instruct her in Christianity," ["they" being Dale, Whitaker, and Rolfe, the writer being John Smith, in his General Historie] "and how capable and desirous shee was thereof."

Stith's History in 1747 noted, "She on her part expressed an eager desire, and great capacity in learning. After she had been tutored for some time, she openly renounced the idolatry of her country." [We call this braining washing today and torture. But then, it has been this way for centuries. The history of our people is only openly told in the white man's way.

The white man wants to control our history, denying us the right to tell our own history. It is like this always, in most books that historians have written. Our history has only been written from the white man's view).

Marshall Dale in his letter to the Bishop of London:

     Powhatan's daughter I caused to be carefully instructed in Christian Religion, who after

     shee had made some good progresse therein, renounced publickly her countrey Idolotry,


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