Sovereign Amonsoquath Band of Cherokee


he went upstream into the lands of Opechancanough, the Pamunkey country bristled with danger. The outraged Smith seized Opechancanough and forced him to load the barge with corn or Captain Smith would load the barge with Pamunkey dead carcasses.

As in Smith's own words, "Virginia was, from the beginning, a dumping ground for undesirables from England's shores.They were the scumme of the world." An uneasy peace prevailed under the muzzle of the English cannon in the early spring of 1609. The English, resorting to coercion to force the Indians to trade, received fresh threats of withdrawal by the Indians. When Smith raided a Paspalegh village, he was told by the chief, "We will abandon the country."

In July, Captain Samuel Argall arrived with the news that he brought a third supply--seven ships, five to six hundred new colonists, and word of a second charter granted by the king transferring control from the Royal Council to the Virginia Company Council with a membership of fifty-four, and Lord De Ia Warre appointed as Lord Governor for Virginia.

With the population more than doubled, Smith sent 120 men under Sir George Percy and Captain Martin to establish a satellite colony in Nansemond territory near the falls on the James River. Smith wangled a ready-built village out of Tanx-Powhatan, promising military support against the Monacan raiders. He placed one hundred or more soldiers under the command of Francis West, brother of Lord De La Warre). No sooner had West, Percy, and Captain Martin taken over at the Nansemond colony and the Powhatan village, trouble erupted between the red and white people.

The settlers at Nansemond had no desire to get along with the Powhatan as they considered the Powhatan to be an inferiorrace. The English began perpetrating senseless cruelties and wanton atrocities. Tanx-Powhatan complained to Smith that the Englishmen that Smith brought to them for protectors were worse than the Monacan raiders from the Piedmont. The struggle for power had begun in interest and the greed of the intruders began in earnest. Captain Smith left for England.

Within six months, of the five hundred colonists left at Jamestown, there were only sixty men, women, children. The english, who were starving, decided to pull out as they had resorted to eating the dead Indians. Sir Thomas Gates was to report along with the rest of the High Council that the situation was hopeless and that it was impossible for the one hundred and fifty newcomers to cope with the conditions confronting them at Jamestown. So, on June 7, 1610, Jamestown was abandoned. On June 8, 1610, the flagship De La Warre, under command of Captain Argall confronted the two ships that were heading downstream at Mulberry Island. The ships returned to Jamestown. The Governor ordered two new forts built at once on Point Comfort, Fort Henry and Fort Charles (William Box? , The Fourth Book of the General historie).

By the English own records, they were too lazy to raise crops or fish to survive. Instead, they became more demanding of the Indians to give of their foods and shelter to them. Powhatan ordered them to confine themselves to Jamestown or depart the country, or he would wipe them Out.

The execution of the children of a captured Paspehegh woman chief and the murder of the chief


PAGE MAINTAINED BY: Rainbow Eagle Woman.