Sovereign Amonsoquath Band of Cherokee

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Captain Smith met Pocahontas, who saved his life for his self because of the loss of a kinsman to the English and he was adopted into the tribe. Before the next year, however, Pocahontas would regret this to her dying days ???. Little did Smith know of the end of the Raleigh settlement of 1587 when Powhatan joined forces with the Secotan to wipe out the Roanoke Island Colony.

Powhatan could see the advantages of peace with the Englishmen with their superior weaponry as allies. He even asked them to live on his river (area called Capa Howasicke), if they would give him hatchets and copper. Captain Smith would be freed for two cannons and a grindstone?, which they did not give to Powhatan as agreed upon. This was the first treaty that was broken by the white man (Smith, 1608). The second treaty was made by Captain Smith and Captain Newport when they traded an English boy "named Thomas Savage to Powhatan and, in exchange, Powhatan gave them Namontack to learn the language, and to be able to serve as an interpreter (Smith, True Relation of 1608).

By May, 1608, after several ship loads of colonists arrived at Jamestown, the Indians began raids to take tools and weapons. Smith, in turn, began raiding and burning neighboring villages (Smith, Generalle Historie of Virginia. In June, Smith lead an exploration up the Patawomack (potomac) as far as he could with their barge (present day Washington, D.C.) looking for silver and mapping the Patuxent, the Rappohannock, and the Piankatank rivers. Near the present-day border of Pennsylvania, they came upon the Iroquoian people (Mossowomekes and giant Susquehannocks) and returned to Jamestown on September 7 (Smith, General Historie).

By 1609, with Captain Smith as President of the Jamestown Colony and provisions insufficient to sustain a fraction of the two hundred people in his charge and the peace between Powhatan eroding -- Captain Smith, with forty-six soldiers, moved on Weromocomoca, arriving on January 12, 1609. Following the formalities, Powhatan wanted to know when they would be gone. After some preconditions for a conference were met, Powhatan demanded forty swords for forty baskets of corn, saying he "could eat his corn, but not copper." Smith rejected Powhatan's terms, telling him he had no guns or swords to spare. The intent of Powhatan was clear--with guns, the Indians' superiority in numbers would prevail.

The native inhabitants had begun to take alarm at the signs of permanence evident at Jamestown -- with the steady flow of maritime traffic, constant flow of reinforcements and supplies to the colony, and the ever-widening range of English activity in the region, along with the coercion and extortion exercised in trade relations. As a result of threats by Captain Smith, Powhatan withdrew from Werowocomoco to the remote village of Orapaks, upstream on the Chickahominy, thirty miles from Werowocomoco on the Pamunkey, taking all of his people. This set the pattern of Indian-white relations for centuries to come; incursion and withdrawal. As it was, Powhatan was not aware that tribal our lands would not be big enough for the people in the future. As the tide of people came across the tidelands country, across the Appalachians, across the Mississippi, across the Plains, across the Rockies... not even the Pacific Ocean would put enough space between Powhatan's people and the oncoming whites, nor would there be any change for the Amonsoquath Cherokees--for the next 383 years to come.

After Powhatan's withdrawal, and his attempt on Smith's life, Smith safely aboard the pinnace,

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